文章摘要
方俊文,王轶,高竹青,等.橡胶辅助增压在非热压罐成型工艺中的应用研究[J].精密成形工程,2024,16(6):53-61.
FANG Junwen,WANG Yi,GAO Zhuqing,et al.Out-of-autoclave Curing Assisted by Rubber Pressurization[J].Journal of Netshape Forming Engineering,2024,16(6):53-61.
橡胶辅助增压在非热压罐成型工艺中的应用研究
Out-of-autoclave Curing Assisted by Rubber Pressurization
投稿时间:2024-04-01  
DOI:10.3969/j.issn.1674-6457.2024.06.006
中文关键词: 复合材料  非热压罐成型  有限元仿真  应力场  局部加压
英文关键词: composites  out-of-autoclave curing  finite element simulation  stress field  localized pressure
基金项目:民用航天预先研究项目(D030102)
作者单位
方俊文 华中科技大学 材料成形与模具技术国家重点实验室武汉 430074 
王轶 航天材料及工艺研究所北京 100076 
高竹青 中国运载火箭技术研究院北京 100076 
胡兆财 中国运载火箭技术研究院北京 100076 
左小彪 航天材料及工艺研究所北京 100076 
周何乐子 华中科技大学 材料成形与模具技术国家重点实验室武汉 430074 
周华民 华中科技大学 材料成形与模具技术国家重点实验室武汉 430074 
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中文摘要:
      目的 针对蒙皮带筋典型构件,在容易产生孔隙的加强筋底部放入橡胶增压,以优化应力场、减小孔隙缺陷。方法 针对CFRP固化成型制度,进行红/蓝2种橡胶模量、热膨胀系数测试及双马树脂流变测试。基于材料测试数据及预浸料固化特征建立了固化前中后3类数值仿真模型,以对比不同橡胶在不同固化时期的增压效果。结果 在固化前期,红、蓝橡胶均有增压作用,可使加强筋底部应力提高约5倍;在固化中期,红橡胶有显著增压作用,可使加强筋底部应力提高约9倍并改善应力梯度;在固化后期,橡胶难以发挥增压作用。结论 红橡胶可显著发挥增压作用,有效解决加强筋固化成型前中期底部应力不足的问题;在CFRP固化前期,热膨胀系数是影响热应力的主要因素,在固化后期,模量为主要因素。通过对比多组仿真数据,明确了最优增压材料及最主要的材料属性,为解决OOA成型局部压力不足的问题提供了指导方向。
英文摘要:
      The work aims to introduce rubber pressurization into the position of insufficient pressure during the curing process of CFRP to optimize the stress field and reduce the pore defects of typical components of skin with reinforcement. Rubber modulus, coefficient of thermal expansion, and rheological properties of bismaleimide resin were tested for the CFRP curing molding system. Based on the material test data, three kinds of numerical simulation models with curing were established to compare the pressurization effect of different rubber in different curing periods. The simulation results showed that in the early stage of curing, both red and blue rubber had a pressurization effect, which could increase the stress at the bottom of the reinforcing rib by about 5 times; In the middle stage of curing, red rubber had an excellent pressurization effect, which could increase the stress at the bottom of the reinforcing rib by about 9 times and improve the stress gradient. In the late stage of curing, rubber was difficult to exert its pressurization effect. In conclusion, red rubber can exert excellent pressurization effect and effectively ameliorate the problem of insufficient stress at the bottom before and during the solidification molding of reinforcing ribs. In the early stage of CFRP curing, the coefficient of thermal expansion is the main factor affecting thermal stress, and the modulus is the main factor in the late stage of curing. Multiple sets of simulation data are compared to clarify the optimal boosting material and the most important material properties, providing guidance for solving the problem of insufficient local pressure in OOA molding.
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